Tawadros II has been enthroned as the new leader of Egypt's Coptic
Christian minority in a ceremony at Cairo's St Mark's Cathedral attended
by Prime Minister Hisham Qandil.
of Coptic clerics in flowing robes took part in Sunday's ceremony, the
first in four decades, as the Muslim Prime Minister looked on.
received the crown and crucifix from Bishop Pachomius, who had served
as the church's interim leader, before ascending St Mark's huge wooden
throne embossed with lions
Arabic, English and Greek mingled with
the ancient Coptic language of the church's liturgy in the psalms and
prayers of the service and the tributes of well-wishers.
60, was chosen on November 4 to succeed Pope Shenuda III, who died in
March after four decades on the patriarchal throne. He was chosen after a
blindfolded altar boy picked his name from a chalice, according to
becomes spiritual head of the largest Christian minority in the Middle
East and 118th pope in a line dating back to the origins of Christianity
and to Saint Mark, the apostle and author of one of the four Gospels,
who brought the new faith to Egypt.
a careful, pragmatic leader, died at a critical time for the
increasingly beleaguered minority, which has faced a surge in sectarian
attacks after an uprising overthrew president Hosni Mubarak in February
pope leads the Coptic Orthodox community in a country where Christians
make up between 6 and 10 per cent of an 83 million population.
increased fears about the community's future after the overthrow of
Mubarak, Tawadros will be its main contact with Islamist President
rise of Islamists after the revolution sparked fears among Copts of
further persecution, despite Morsi's repeated promises to be a president
"for all Egyptians".
have suffered sectarian attacks for years, but since Mubarak's
overthrow several dozen have been killed in sectarian clashes and during
a protest in October last year crushed by the then ruling military.
Bishop Tawadros new pope of Egypt's Coptic Christians
Bishop Tawadros has been chosen as the new pope of Egypt's Coptic Christians, becoming leader of the largest Christian minority in the Middle East.
His name was selected from a glass bowl by a blindfolded boy at a ceremony in Cairo's St Mark's Cathedral. Three candidates had been shortlisted.
The 60-year-old succeeds Pope Shenouda III, who died in March aged 88.
He succeeds as attacks on Copts are on the increase, and many say they fear the country's new Islamist leaders.
The other two candidates were Bishop Raphael and Father Raphael Ava Mina. They were chosen in a ballot by a council of some 2,400 Church and community officials in October.
'In God's hands'
Their names were written on pieces of paper and put in crystal balls sealed with wax on the church altar.
A blindfolded boy - one of 12 shortlisted children - then drew out the name of Bishop Tawadros, who until now was an aide to the acting leader, Bishop Pachomius.
Bishop Pachomius then took the ballot from the boy's hand and showed it to all those gathered in the cathedral.
Strict measures were in place to make sure there was no foul play during the televised ceremony: the three pieces of paper with candidates' names were all the same size and tied the same way.
Copts say this process ensures the selection is in God's hands.
Bishop Tawadros will be enthroned in a ceremony on 18 November.
The new pope has studied in Britain, and has also run a medicine factory, the BBC's Jon Leyne in Cairo reports.
He is a man of broad experience and with managerial skills, our correspondent says, adding that he will need all those talents to lead the Copts as they face an uncertain future in a country now debating the role of Islam following last year's revolution.
Our correspondent says no-one in Egypt expects the new pope to introduce radical changes to the deeply conservative church.
Pope Shenouda died in March. Under his leadership, the Coptic Church expanded significantly, including outside its traditional Egyptian base.
He was a passionate advocate of unity among the Christian churches, and also clashed with then President Anwar Sadat, particularly over their conflicting views on the future of Egypt's relationship with Israel.
Coptic Christians have long complained of discrimination by the Egyptian state and the country's Muslim majority.
But when President Hosni Mubarak was ousted last year and succeeded by the Muslim Brotherhood, their fears grew.
In October 2011, 25 people died in clashes with the security forces after a protest march in Cairo over the burning of a church.
A boy was born to a couple after eleven years of marriage. They were a loving couple and the boy was the apple of their eyes. When the boy was around two years old.... it happen so this one fine morning, the husband saw a medicine bottle open. He was late for work so he asked the wife to cap the bottle and keep it in the cupboard. The mother, preoccupied in the kitchen, totally forgot the matter. The boy saw the bottle and playfully went to the bottle and, fascinated with its color, drank it all. It happened to be a poisonous medicine meant for adults in small dosages. When the child collapsed, the mother hurried him to the hospital, where he died. The mother was stunned. She was terrified how to face her husband. When the distraught father came to the hospital and saw the dead child, he looked at his wife and uttered just four words. What do you think were the four words? The husband just said "I Love You Darling" The husband's totally unexpected reaction is proactive behavior. The child is dead. He can never be brought back to life but There is no point in finding fault with the mother. Besides, if only he have taken time to keep the bottle away, this will not have happened. No point in attaching blame. She had also lost her only child. What she needed at that moment was consolation and sympathy from the husband. That is what he gave her. Sometimes we spend time asking who is responsible or who to blame, whether in a relationship, in a job or with the people we know. We miss out some warmth in human relationship in giving each other support. After all, shouldn't forgiving someone we love be the easiest thing in the world to do? Treasure what you have. Don't multiply pain, anguish and suffering by holding on to it! Forgive one another and forget about it. There is no point in holding a grudge or revenge or blame. Forgiveness heals you and the other person as well. If everyone can look at life with this kind of perspective, there would be much fewer problems in the world. Take off all your envies, jealousies, unwillingness to forgive, selfishness, and fears and you will find things are actually not as difficult as you think.
The Holy Synod has announced the final 3 papal candidates as part of the process to select the 118th Pope for the Coptic Orthodox Church. The three remaining candidates who were chosen by the 2411 eligible voters are: